Comparative Analyses of the Microbial Communities
Microbial communities inhabiting the acid mine drainage (AMD) have been extensively studied, but the microbial communities in the coal mining waste dump that may generate the AMD are still relatively under-explored. In this study, we characterized the microbial communities within these under-explore
Microbiological Study of Acid Mine Waters : Preliminary Report
point of view. They maintain that microorganisms are in part responsible for the formation of large quantities of sulfuric acid and ferric hydroxide. Therefore, studies were undertaken to determine the role of microorganisms in the formation of acid mine waters. They were able to isolate two significant organisms; one was
7 Microorganisms Found in Soil Microbiology
ADVERTISEMENTS: Microorganisms which live in soil are algae, bacteria, actinomycetes, bacteriophages, protozoa, nematodes and fungi (Fig. 30.2). A brief description of soil microorganisms has been given below: 1. Soil Algae: Soil algae (both prokaryotes and eukaryotes) luxuriantly grow where adequate amount of moisture and light are present. They play a variety of roles in soil. 
The Effects of pH on Microbial Growth Microbiology
The vaginas acidity plays an important role in inhibiting other microbes that are less tolerant of acidity. Acidophilic microorganisms display a number of adaptations to survive in strong acidic environments. For example, proteins show increased negative surface charge that stabilizes them at low pH.
MCB 100 - Quiz #4 Flashcards Quizlet
B. Strip mines have more iron- and sulfur-containing minerals that may be oxidized by acid-producing bacteria. C. Air exposure increases the oxidation rate of sulfur and iron by bacteria, and oxidized sulfur or iron can combine with rainwater to form a strong acid. D. Rainwater can leach acids from strip mines but not from underground mines.
Innovations in Copper: Mining & Extraction: Producing
8 These bacteria were given the name ferrooxidans for their ability to oxidize iron sulfides. A second set of bacteria was also identified and given the name thiooxidans for their ability to oxidize sulfur to yield sulfuric acid. The bacteria, which were native to the soil, in effect created a completely natural metallurgical processing plant.
Acid Mine Drainage - Earthworks
Acid mine drainage can have severe impacts on fish, animals and plants. Many impacted streams have a pH of 4 or lower similar to battery acid. For example, acid and metals runoff from the Zortman Landusky mine in Montana has harmed biological life in a dozen streams in the Little Rocky Mountains. Perpetual pollution
What can be done to prevent or clean up acid mine drainage
Water flowing through active or abandoned mine sites can become polluted by the material being mined. By far the most common mine drainage problem is that of acid mine drainage (AMD). Sulfuric acid is produced when water interacts with sulfur-bearing materials in the presence of oxygen and common bacteria. The acidic water formed by this process can dissolve many metals in
Snottites - microbewiki
Aug 10, 2010· Second, the sulfuric acid from the snottites and gypsum crystals drips and corrodes the limestone below; the microbes that form the snottites produce this acid through oxidation reactions. Lastly, solutional rills are created as the sulfuric acid leaks through cracks in the gypsum crust, dissolving the limestone base below.
Lesson 7. Soil Biological Properties
Thus, bacteria can influence the form and, thereby, the retention of nitrogen in the soil. Similarly, reduced sulfur compounds such as thiosulfate, elemental sulfur and even iron pyrite (FeS 2, "Fool's Gold") can be oxidized to sulfuric acid by soil bacteria. The bacteria which accomplish the oxidation of reduced nitrogen and sulfur compounds
05.05.2005 - Proteomics probes acid mine drainage
May 05, 2005· One of the new proteins produced by the Leptospirillum group II bacterium appears to be a key protein in the production of acid mine drainage. The protein, a cytochrome, oxidizes iron, and thus controls the rate of production of acid mine drainage.
Marine Microbes: Did You Know?
The term marine microbe covers a diversity of microorganisms, including microalgae, bacteria and archaea, protozoa fungi and viruses (Photo 1 to 5). These can be prokaryotes (i.e., organisms whose cells lack membraneencased nuclei) and eukaryotes (i.e., organisms with true nuclei).
Acid Mine/Rock Drainage Center for Water, Earth Science
Microbes, as noted above, play an important role in acid drainage generation because they greatly increase the rate and degree to which such acid drainage generation processes occur (Nordstrom 2011).
MCB TEST 1 Flashcards Quizlet
Why are open coal mines (strip mines) more likely to result in acid mine drainage than are underground mines? A. Air exposure increases the oxidation rate of sulfur and iron by bacteria, and oxidized sulfur or iron can combine with rainwater to form a strong acid. B. Rainwater can leach acids from strip mines but not from underground mines.
(PDF) Role of Microorganisms in Mining: Generation of Acid
Role of Microorganisms in Mining: Generation of Acid Rock Drainage and its Mitigation and Treatment leading to the formation of acid mine drainages. In another hand, microorganisms can favor
The role of micro-organisms in the formation of acid mine
Jun 01, 1982· The paper deals with the nature of mine drainage in the North Eastern Coalfield, Margarita, Assam (India). The drainages from the Margerita group of mines are found to be acidic with high sulphate ranging up to 1500 ppm and iron content rising up to 40 ppm. The total sulphur in coals is up to 7% out of which 50-80% is non-reactive organically found sulphur.
Microbial Bioﬁlms: from Ecology to Molecular Genetics
products (155), and in nitriﬁcation (58). Bioﬁlms also form in many extreme environments, such as in acid mine drainage (at a pH of 0), where they contribute to the cycling of sulfur (67). Cyanobacterial mat bioﬁlms have been intensively studied in thermal springs (204, 261), and recently, researchers have
Bacteria - Bacteria in industry Britannica
Although bacterial oxidation of sulfide materials results in the undesirable formation of acid mine drainage, the same reaction has been put to use for microbial leaching of copper, uranium, and other valuable metals from low-grade sulfide-containing ores.
Acidophiles: Life in Extremely Acidic Environments
The same reactions, occurring unconstrained in the environment, are also the cause of acid mine drainage (AMD), a major issue with respect to water pollution. In this chapter, the role of these microorganisms in processes for metal recovery through tank, heap, dump and in
The role of micro-organisms in the formation of acid mine
The role of micro-organisms in the formation of acid mine drainage in the North Eastern Coalfield of India sulphur is sufficient to produce the observed acidity and organic sulphur does not
The Role of Microorganisms in Acid Mine Drainage:
The purpose of this preliminary report is to show that microorganisms do have an active role in the above interrelationship and to propose that the formation of sulfuric acid within the mine may be due to microbial action. The role of microorganisms in the oxidation of iron in acid mine drainage.
8.3: The Effects of pH and Temperature on Microbial Growth
Feb 10, 2021· Lactobacillus bacteria, which are an important part of the normal microbiota of the vagina, can tolerate acidic environments at pH values 3.56.8 and also contribute to the acidity of the vagina (pH of 4, except at the onset of menstruation) through their metabolic production of lactic acid. The vaginas acidity plays an important role in
Role of Microorganisms & Microbes Used in Wastewater Treatment
Jul 23, 2018· The role of microorganisms in wastewater treatment helps to treat and purify wastewater and make it less harmful to the environment. While there are many different microbes used in sewage treatment, there are three well-known microbes that play an instrumental role in keeping sewage clean. Each of these types of bacteria help the treatment
Biosynthesis of Nanoparticles by Microorganisms and Their
The development of eco-friendly technologies in material synthesis is of considerable importance to expand their biological applications. Nowadays, a variety of inorganic nanoparticles with well-defined chemical composition, size, and morphology have been synthesized by using different microorganisms, and their applications in many cutting-edge technological areas have been explored.
Biodiversity and ecology of acidophilic microorganisms
Dec 01, 1998· Primary production in acidophilic environments is mediated by chemolitho-autotrophic prokaryotes (iron and sulfur oxidisers), and may be supplemented by phototrophic acidophiles (predominantly eukaryotic microalgae) in illuminated sites.
Horizontal gene transfer in an acid mine drainage
Jul 04, 2015· Acid resistance is perceived as an essential property of microorganisms living in AMD. The glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) system, which is common in bacteria and some eukaryotic genomes, has been extensively studied for its major role in acid resistance in organisms such as in E. coli, Shigella flexneri, and Listeria monocytogenes .
Anaerobic Respiration Boundless Microbiology
The role of soil bacteria in the Sulfate-reducing bacteria may also be a way to deal with acid mine waters. Methanogenesis. Methanogenesis is a form of anaerobic respiration that uses carbon as a electron acceptor and results in the production of methane. For example, in homofermentative lactic acid bacteria, NADH formed during the
Bioremediation of acid mine drainage using algae strains
Dec 01, 2017· Regarding acid mine drainage (AMD), the high concentrations of heavy metals cause major environmental concerns characterized by contamination of various ecosystems due to its leaching capacity and the presence of very active bacteria making it self-perpetuating (Kalin et al., 2006). There is a necessity for AMD treatment to prevent disastrous
Using neural networks to mine text and predict metabolic
Mar 02, 2021· Introduction. Microbes are everywhere and can metabolize a huge array of chemical compounds. This makes their metabolism important to nutrient cycling in the environment .Their metabolism is also important to symbiotic relationships with other organisms [4,5] and for synthetic biologists in the lab [6,7].As such, information on microbial metabolism is of value to investigators
Top Ten Places Where Life Shouldn't Exist But Does
Oct 12, 2009· But plenty of microbes live in the mine. They float on a lake of acid in a pink slick called a biofilm that is made by certain bacteria in the microbial community.
Frontiers Engineering microbial consortia to enhance
Jun 05, 2012· Biomining entails the use of acidophilic microbes to facilitate the recovery process of metals from sulfide minerals in the processes of bioleaching and biooxidation.
Wetland Use in Acid Mine Drainage Remediation
Nov 20, 2005· AMD, and the iron-oxidizing bacteria such as Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans and Leptospirillum ferrooxidans tend to flourish in mine waters (Hallberg and Johnson 2005a). . Once acidophilic bacteria are established, there is the possibility that they will increase chemical reactions involved in acid mine drainage,
Geomicrobiology: How Molecular-Scale Interactions Underpin
May 10, 2002· A microbial role in the formation of cave deposits (such as speleothems) has been proposed based on microstructural, morphological, and isotopic data . However, at the present time, the role of organisms in speleothem formation is controversial (49, 50). Subsurface mine systems are populated by a diversity of archaeal, bacterial, and eucaryal
The microbiology of acidic mine waters - ScienceDirect
Sep 01, 2003· Acidic, metal-rich waters generated by the microbially accelerated dissolution of pyrite and other sulfide minerals, are frequently encountered in derelict mine sites, including many that have been long-abandoned.
The role of micro-organisms in the formation of acid mine
Jun 01, 1982· The paper deals with the nature of mine drainage in the North Eastern Coalfield, Margarita, Assam (India). The drainages from the Margerita group of mines are found to be acidic with high sulphate ranging up to 1500 ppm and iron content rising up to 40 ppm. The total sulphur in coals is up to 7% out of which 5080% is non-reactive organically found sulphur.
Microbial Community Biofabrics in a Geothermal Mine Adit
Speleothems such as stalactites and stalagmites are usually considered to be mineralogical in composition and origin; however, microorganisms have been implicated in the development of some speleothems. We have identified and characterized the biological and mineralogical composition of mat-like biofabrics in two novel kinds of speleothems from a 50°C geothermal mine adit near Glenwood
BGR - Geo-microbiology
Many geological processes are influenced by the effects or presence of micro-organisms, for example the formation of crude oil or the weathering of rocks. Geomicrobiology describes and investigates these interactions between micro-organisms and minerals, rocks and fossil fuels, and is therefore closely related to a number of allied disciplines.
Environmental Contamination by Heavy Metals IntechOpen
Jun 27, 2018· Acid mine drainage (AMD) is formed from the hydro-geochemical weathering of sulphide-bearing rocks (pyrite, arsenopyrite and marcasite) in contact with water and oxygen [23, 27]. This reaction is also catalysed by iron (Fe) and sulphur-oxidising microorganisms [28, 29]. In a nutshell, the formation of AMD can be summarised as follows [19, 23
Characterization of an acid rock drainage microbiome and
The microbial oxidation of metal sulfides plays a major role in the formation of acid rock drainage (ARD). We aimed to broadly characterize the ARD at Ely Brook, which drains the Ely Copper Mine Superfund site in Vermont, USA, using metagenomics and metatranscriptomics to assess the metabolic potent
"Role of Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria in the Attenuation of
Acid mine drainage (AMD) is an acidic, iron-rich leachate that causes the dissolution of metals. It constitutes a worldwide problem of environmental contamination detrimental to aquatic life and water quality. AMD, however, is naturally attenuated at Davis Mine in Rowe, Massachusetts. We hypothesize that sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) are attenuating AMD.